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Examination is an active process and one must be thinking and looking for things not expecting them to just jump out at you.
|Cardiac exam: Overall plan|
Listening to murmurs -Traditionally these are the areas but do not really take into account different chest anatomy and physiology and jets of turbulence can be heard outside these areas. Instead of these 4 areas, one can just start in the apex and slide the stethoscope across to the tricuspid area, up the LSE to the pulmonary area and over into the aortic areas listening as you go. A sort of sigmoidal shape. Remember to have one finger on a pulse at all times.